Saturday, 31 March 2018

Sound of tree being pushed down by a grizzly

Field note:

The following video was captured in August 2016 by Nadina River.

We heard what sounded like tree knocks coming from the woods across the Nadina River. Shortly afterwards a tree is pushed down. We know it was a grizzly because two were in the area. One showed itself to us the morning we were packing to leave. It was massive!

Sounds of tree knocks might not necessarily be from Bigfoot. Keep this in mind if you have bears in the area. Also a person shouldn't be wandering the woods after dark looking for Bigfoot like you see on TV. You might encounter a bear, among other predators. Use better judgement.

Barb Campbell,
Field Researcher, Trace Unknown

Thursday, 15 March 2018

Caution: Keep an eye out for cougars (updated)

We are dealing with a low moose population where predators are having to compete for what's left out there trying to meet their food requirements. 

Just a quick note for ranchers in the valley who are currently calving. Pay extra attention to what's going on around your corrals or pastures where you are keeping your cows and calves. Cougars are making their presence known here and there. 

We are dealing with a low moose population where predators are having to compete for what's left out there trying to meet their food requirements. If they can find something they most certainly will be back for more.

Near Witset

I received a report tonight where calving is in full swing of a female cougar that's been hanging around. They have already been dealing with more than usual problems with wolves and bears the past couple of years. Until the moose population picks back up again things don't look like they will be improving for a while.

Extra Caution

Keep an eye out for tracks. Pay attention to herd behavior and if and when your dogs are barking. Keep regular shifts when monitoring your cows. Make your presence known. Every time you check on the cows, walk the perimeter of the enclosure. This has always worked for me where wolves are concerned. If you suspect something may be hanging around tighten your shifts. Go from regular intervals to random times. Predators understand routines. You will need to throw them off. (Switch things up.) Most especially at night. 


Keep sick, weak and injured animals inside barns. Keep barns and outside areas clean. Dispose of afterbirths properly to remove any temptations. Same with calves or cows who didn't make it. 

Wolf Baiting

Wolf baiting on or near ranches is not recommended. This only adds to the current problems. Inviting predators to come in and stick around. Leading them to your cows and calves. Best to avoid this at all costs.

If you keep on top of these things you should have a better chance. 


If you have any problems contact conservation services at 1-877-952-7277. I am also interested to hear about predator sightings and problems you may be dealing with. You can get a hold of me via email at in confidence.

Barb Campbell,
Field Researcher, Trace Unknown
March 15, 2018


April 10th, 2018 - It appears the cougar has made an attempt to take down one horse on the ranch. The horse escaped with injury.

Cougars have been making the news in many places throughout BC already. Coming in close to buildings in cities. Most recent a cougar spotted at BC hospital. This year might belong to the cougars.

The horse has received treatment and will be receiving daily shots as needed. It has also been separated from the herd and has been placed in its own pen to heal. 


Monday, 12 March 2018

FYI: DFO contemplating sweeping North Coast salmon fishery closure

Low abundance of salmon stocks on B.C. coast has DFO considering outright fishing ban for anglers

Shannon Lough,
The Northern Review
March 12, 2018 11:30 a.m.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) is strongly considering a total shutdown of all chinook and sockeye fishing on the North Coast.

The potential 2018 fishing ban will include all First Nation food, social and ceremonial harvesting; all commercial operations; and all charter boat and recreational angling.

Even the possibility of such a closure, several groups say, is nothing less than devastating.

“Outright closure to the recreational fisheries will decimate the town’s tourist economy this summer,” David Lewis, chair of the Prince Rupert Sport Fishing Advisory Board, said.

DFO has been meeting with First Nations, recreational and commercial committees to determine if the closures for both sockeye and chinook are even avoidable.

Last year, low predicted returns of sockeye initiated a closure starting June 15. Food, social and ceremonial harvesting for sockeye was also curtailed. Recreational fishing for chinook in the Skeena River was also closed for six weeks.

Colin Masson, North Coast area director for Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), told the Northern View there could potentially be no access to sockeye for the second year in a row.

“The numbers do not look good. We are extremely concerned about what might happen in the Skeena,” Masson said. Estimates for sockeye abundance is just slightly over 500,000.

The trigger for the recreational fishery to open is an estimated escapement of 800,000 sockeye at the Tyee Test Fishery. For food, social and ceremonial harvesting the trigger is 400,000 — but last year, First Nations communities voluntarily agreed they wouldn’t harvest sockeye until the escapement reached 600,000. Instead, First Nations supplemented their sockeye catch with chinook — a North Pacific salmon that is now also facing low numbers.

“While no decision has been made at this point, we’re really challenged to see on what basis there would be any sort of chinook harvest on the Skeena. It may well be that there could even be in further consultation with the province, there may even be an option of an angling closure in the summer in the Skeena,” Masson said.

A potential angling closure on the Skeena River is what the Sport Fishing Advisory Board is nervous about. Early discussions include sockeye closures not only for the entire Skeena Watershed but for the adjacent marine fisheries (Area 3, 4 , 5) as well.

No decisions have been made at this point and a number of options have been tabled. Board chair, Lewis, said if that happened it would affect approximately 200 charter fishing guides and lodges. In these mid-process discussions, the board is working hard to come up with a plan that includes conservation measures and allows for some recreational fishing.

“Nobody wants a closure but if we can sort of mitigate it and find a middle of the road with some access it’s better than being closed all season,” Lewis said.

As for chinook, DFO has indicated the current option under consideration is closing the Skeena and the Nass to fishing for the start the season and it would only open if there was a dramatic increase in stock.

Information gap

Conservation is priority number one, then it’s ensuring that First Nation harvesting rights are met for food, social and ceremonial fish.

Richard Sparrow is the chair of Skeena First Nations Technical Committee, a group of technicians who work with many First Nations communities along the Skeena River. During the sockeye closures last year, Sparrow said First Nations took additional steps to protect salmon.

“First Nations are really taking the bull by the horns here in identifying management plans and fishery plans that have conservation in mind,” Sparrow said. One example he offered was using 18 cm or larger mesh size gillnetts to allow sockeye to go through with a small by catch of sockeye.

The concern though, for both the First Nations Technical Committee and the Sport Fishing Advisory Board, is that while the Skeena Tyee Test Fishery provides in-season estimates, there’s more guesswork when it comes to chinook.

“Using that information to determine a fishing plan for this year, with the lack of information that’s available for identifying a chinook return, as well as run timing, is very concerning for First Nations who are being managed with the lack of information,” Sparrow said.

Experts are now working to improve identifying a run size and where all the stocks of concern are throughout the estuary.

Why stocks are so low

There is no definitive answer for why the sockeye return has dropped dramatically in the past two years.

“It’s hard to know exactly, there’s no one thing. This is felt to be largely a reflection of the poor ocean survival conditions over the past several years,” Masson said.

He then mentioned the “big blob”, the warm water anomaly that produced toxic algae and lingered from 2013-2016 in the North Pacific resulting in poor survival for salmon in the ocean.

“That is largely the driving thing. Could be related to climate change, could be something else,” Masson said.

It’s not all doom and gloom for salmon on the B.C. coast. The Fraser River sockeye return this year is on a fourth year high cycle and Masson said they do anticipate some commercial fishing on that stock. The Somass fishery on the West Coast of Vancouver Island may also have some commercial sockeye opportunities.


Last year, there was little warning before the the final decision to close the chinook fishery was made affecting charter businesses with clients already booked.

The key point, Masson said, is that those businesses who rely on recreational fishing in the Skeena and Nass be on notice that a full suite of options is up for discussion.

“We’re really concerned that all of those interests wouldn’t be surprised when final decisions are made toward the end or middle of May,” he said.

Tuesday, 6 March 2018

Open Expeditions

Every once in a while I will host an open expedition for colleagues only or general public too. Invitations to be posted on Trace Unknown and Skeena Bigfoot blogs well in advance.

July 2016 open expedition for colleagues ended up being postponed due to conditions in the environment and stressed wildlife. 60% of the moose population were infested with ticks. Deer were struggling too. The following is a clip leading up to the expedition before it was postponed. 

Doug and I went out there anyway and filmed what we could. I did promise a video so I put together the documentary.

Note: I am looking at possibly hosting one in 2020. Stay tuned for further information.

Friday, 23 February 2018

Communicating with Bigfoot through recognition and association if they were willing

Field note entry

Would it be possible to communicate with Bigfoot? From what I have learned so far, I believe so.

A person could try to establish contact by mimicking stacked rocks and sticks or by creating tree structures in the woods where you believe they may be hanging around. Then again you never know what you are saying by doing so. You could be offending or challenging them.

Recognition & Association

These animals are fast learners and quick thinkers. They understand the importance of being able to blend in and hide trace of, as well as being able to mimic others. If they are capable of mimicking, then they must be able to recognize if something resembles something they know. For instance, if they were to see a well drawn elk or moose on a rock wall or drawn in the sand or dirt on the ground. I would think they would be able to associate with it right away. Maybe a person could try to reach out in that manner. Shapes, low numbers and direction for starters. 

In the mid 1800's the land surveyor helped one of the creatures out of a log jam and showed it how to use a stick as a crutch. When the surveyor got hurt, the same creature gave the surveyor a stick to use as a crutch. They remember. They learn by watching and then by trying it out themselves. I do believe attempts to communicate through recognition and association would work - if they were willing.

Such behavior is not only for humans or apes. A lot of animals learn by watching one or both of their parents or by watching others around them.

If you are going to try it remember you will need to adopt something and then stick with it. Think simple. Perhaps grade one level.

Barb Campbell,
Field Researcher, Trace Unknown